This is R. gallica officinalis, the parent species of the gallicas. It’s origin is at least medieval, prior to 1500, and, perhaps, more ancient. The blooms are semi-double and occur prolifically over an extended period of several weeks during cool springs. A group of it with windblown petals, planted among herbs, is very beguiling. It suckers, but is easily controlled. The Swedish Rose Society recommends it for Northern Sweden.
Bred before 1240.